India’s Stringent Firearm Laws
In stark contrast to the U.S., where gun ownership is common, India maintains strict gun regulations governed by the Arms Act 1959. The Act replaced the Arms Act 1878, intending to reduce illegal arms circulation and associated violence.
Firearm licences in India are divided into two categories:
- Prohibited Bore (P.B.): Reserved for authorised individuals, as issued by the government.
- Non-Prohibited Bore: Government-issued licences for public firearm ownership.
To secure a gun licence in India, applicants must:
- Hold Indian citizenship
- Be at least 18 years old
- Present a substantial reason for firearm possession
- Application Submission: Apply and pay the required fee to the relevant authority – D.C.P. (Licensing) for urban areas, Sub-Divisional Magistrate for rural areas.
- Police Verification: Rigorous background checks to identify criminal records and assess behaviour, including interviews with neighbours.
- Health Checkup: Comprehensive health evaluation to gauge physical and mental fitness.
- Interview and Review: Conduct an interview; forward the report to the crime branch and National Crime Records Bureau.
- Verification and Approval: An affirmative decision is granted upon confirming authenticity, valid solely within the issuing state.
- Firearm Procurement: Post-approval, licensed individuals can purchase firearms from authorised dealers within the issuing state.
India’s stringent gun licence protocol reflects its commitment to curbing illicit arms trade and upholding public safety.
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